WHAT RIGHTS DO BRITISH CITIZENS HAVE?

Britain's Citizen's Rights are protected by the Civil and Criminal Law.
Governments have to balance:


The Human Rights Act 2000 includes:
  1. Freedom of expression in a Free Press & Media
  2. Freedom of faith and belief
  3. Right to privacy
  4. Right to liberty
  5. Right to a fair trial
  6. Freedom from torture
  7. Freedom from discrimination and racism
  8. Right to an education
  9. Right to a free vote in a fair general election.
  10. Right to a Healthy Diet & Health Care



Children's Employment Act:No child can work under 13.
13-16: No more than 2 hours on a school day or a any Sunday
Not before 7 am or after 7 pm
No heavy or unsafe working

 

KEY POINTS:

Citizens have Rights and Responsibilities

The United Nations Charter lists Human Rights

The European Union Guarantees all Citizens of Europe the same Rights

The Human Rights Act of 2000 is British & European Law

 

 
Fundamental Rights can never be taken away. Some Rights are Qualified: these are rights that can be taken away where the freedom of an individual would threaten the freedom of Society as a whole.

Consumers have rights, when they buy things from private companies or the Government:
  1. 1979 Sale of Goods Act: if the goods aren't up to scratch or they don't work or they aren't the same as what was advertised, then the consumer can have his or her money back.
  2. 1987 Consumer protection Act: it is illegal to sell goods that are dangerous or to pretend they have been reduced in price, if they haven't been.
  3. 1994 Supply of Goods & Services: services, like advice on money or a haircut, also have to be of a reasonable, price, reliability and standard.
  4. Sale of Food & Drugs Act. Must be pure, safe and healthy and must have required information on the packaging.
  5. The 1991 Citizen's Charter listed the service that people should demand from Government departments, like the Health Service, Schools or the Social Services. Citizens who are unhappy with their treatment can complain and get something done about it.
Employment Law protects citizen's rights at work:
  1. Health and Safety at Work Act gives workers the right to a safe working environment.
  2. Employment Protection prevents unfair dismissal
  3. Disability discrimination protects disabled workers.
  4. Sex Discrimination Act protects people from being denied work on account of their sex.
  5. Equal pay Act gives people the same wage for the same job.
  6. National Minimum Wage sets a minimum hourly rate.
  7. Maternity Leave is a right for all women.


KEY POINTS:

Consumers have rights, when buying Goods and Services:

Must work, Exchange, Safety, Reasonable Price & Correctly Advertised

Employees have rights protecting them from unfair treatment:

Safety, Unfair Dismissal, Sex Discrimination, Equal Pay, Minimum Wage